Ubuntu 13.04South African company Canonical has officially unveiled a new release of its famous distro Ubuntu Linux 13.04. Ubuntu 13.04 is now faster and more efficiently by adapting to smartphones.

Thanks to intensive work on the adaptation to the new Ubuntu platform form factors, including smartphones and tablets, the desktop version of Ubuntu 13.04 has also become much more efficient in terms of energy consumption, the load on working memory and speed of loading.

After considerable success in reducing the power consumption and unification of the desktop platform with mobile branches to the next major development is the release of Ubuntu 14.04, scheduled for April next year. Prior to this release, Ubuntu 13.10 will be released in between the new display server instead of the current MIR Wayland. On the other hand, the graphical server MIR should still pass the quality check on the inner package. According to the developers, from the visual point of view in Ubuntu 13.04 is not a lot of new products, with the exception of fine-tuning the interface of nuance. The main attention was paid to the internal components to optimize them in terms of performance and unification with the mobile versions of the product.

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With regard to the expansion of Ubuntu to mobile platforms, the asset developers already have two reference smartphone and tablet two, including the model of the Nexus 7. In addition, community volunteers Ubunutu already heard reports on the pilot moving the Ubuntu operating system in a more or less working on a more than 40 devices.

Of course, some differences in the code of Ubuntu 13.04 and Ubuntu Touch mobile branches remain. At the same time, as early as the October release of Ubuntu 13.10, these differences should be reduced to a minimum by replacing a graphical X Windows server technology to MIR. MIR technology is now available as an option for developers who are engaged in preliminary testing of assemblies Ubuntu.

Another important aspect in the release of Ubuntu 13.04 is associated with the update server platform, Ubuntu Server 13.04. The product is fully assembled and ready for deployment, including an open cloud management system OpenStack, presented in the latest version of «Grizzly». OpenStack technology installed in the server configurations, designed for high availability. These configurations provide all the necessary components to carry the load in the event of failures and organizing multi-master systems to fail over single elements of the cloud continued to work.

Another novelty is the server version of Ubuntu – is a technology for Ceph object storage, block and file data, integrated with the platform OpenStack. Ceph technology is commonly used for the organization of clusters of object-based storage standard equipment. Among other things, implemented improvements in the utility Juju to manage cloud and distributed environments through a graphical interface. Juju utility provides a visual representation of the relationship between the services running on cloud platforms such as Amazon EC2-based and OpenStack.

With the release of Ubuntu Server 13.04 significantly increased the number of “miracle files» (Juju «Charms»), which provide services for cloud deployment platform. Now available in more than 130 popular cloud configurations. For instance, the Charms support popular web application frameworks such as Node.js, Django and Ruby on Rails, providing a convenient consistent management of web applications based on any of these frameworks in the clouds EC2 or OpenStack. All this creates a flexible environment for organizing PaaS-making (“platform as a service“) and the free choice of any cloud-based enterprise applications. Also prepared a “miracle files” for the DBMS used in web applications, including MongoDB, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Cassandra.

Branded utility systems management Landscape now also supports integration with the platform OpenStack. In particular, such procedures are implemented for cloud environments, as updated kernels and other system components on the host machine is running directly on the cloud without having to reboot. Recent release of Ubuntu Server 13.04 formally tested for compatibility with a variety of hypervisors, including, KVM, Microsoft Hyper-V, VMWare ESX and Citrix Xen. In addition, work is underway to integrate the technologies of virtualization of network equipment and VMWare ESX Nicira NVP. Canonical’s began offering commercial services to support OpenStack and will work closely with VMware to eliminate the problems with running vSphere and NVP top of OpenStack.

Ubuntu 13.04 Features Overview